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Skin Graft/Flap*

Skin Graft Surgery

Plastic surgeons frequently perform the skin graft surgery. Skin graft surgery is done by taking a skin from an area of the body to bring back skin coverage in other areas. Skin grafting helps heal the wounds that will not heal sufficiently. Skin grafts are of great use in situations where there are enough subcutaneous tissues to give support and blood supply for the skin graft. Skin grafts are mostly being classified according to the thickness of the skin to be grafted from one part to another area of the body. A type of skin graft is a “split-thickness” skin graft where it does not involve the entire skin thickness. A larger body area is used in this type of skin graft and the donor area that will be taken can heal on its own. Another type is the “full thickness” skin graft where it involves the full thickness of the skin and deeper tissues. This type of skin graft is often used for specific wound coverage applications where thicker skin is required. In full thickness graft, the donor area is limited in size since this area cannot be used more than once.

Skin grafting is a useful way to help in wound healing especially in areas where there was skin loss as a result of a disease, injuries such as burns, or surgical removal of tumors. Certain wounds may be too difficult to heal without involving any reconstructive techniques. Surgeries and other treatments (such as change of dressing and hydrotherapy) may be required in some situations to prepare a wound for a skin graft.

Cutaneous (Skin) Flap

For repair or reconstruction of an open wound or a soft tissue deficit, the cutaneous (skin) flap is frequently used. This is done by moving the skin (and potentially other soft tissues) from a donor site to the affected area. The skin flap is able to sustain its own blood supply.

 Skin Cancer Reconstruction

Plastic surgeons frequently perform the surgical removal of skin cancer. Surgery is the treatment of choice to remove the skin cancer because they will not go spontaneously. There are various techniques to remove skin cancer. The moment the skin cancer has been removed, there will be an open wound that requires closure and this may involve different surgeries for the reconstruction of the skin. Reconstructive surgeries include a local cutaneous or local flap, skin grafting or a more complex reconstructive procedure which depends on the severity of the open wound made after the removal of the skin cancer. The plastic surgeon will determine which surgical procedure is suitable for the closure of the wound and provide a result that is functional and least disfiguring as possible. At times, not only one surgery can achieve these results.

*Disclaimer: Plastic & Cosmetic Surgery Results Can Vary Significantly Between Patients. In terms of results and expectations, there are numerous variables with every patient, each surgery and every recovery and healing period. For more information click to read our full Disclaimer